Proceedings Series on Social Sciences & Humanities 2023-01-26T07:34:06+00:00 Totok Haryanto Open Journal Systems <p>The <em><strong>Proceedings Series on Social Sciences &amp; Humanities</strong></em> aims to publish proceedings from conferences on the scope social sciences and humanities. <a href="">Read full Aims &amp; Scope</a></p> <p>Indexed: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Google Scholar</a>, <a href=";from_ui=yes" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Crossref</a>, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Garuda</a>, <a href=";and_facet_source_title=jour.1423523" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Dimensions</a><br />ISSN: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2808-103X</a></p> Preface 2023-01-26T07:34:06+00:00 Editor <p>Preface Page Proceeding International Seminar 2022 E-Learning Implementation in Malaysia and Indonesia</p> 2023-01-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Proceedings Series on Social Sciences & Humanities The Symbolic Meaning of Marriage Taboo in Purbalingga and Banyumas Villages 2023-01-26T00:32:24+00:00 Sugeng Priyadi <p><em>The marriage taboo in the rural community of Purbalingga and Banyumas illustrates the phenomenon of socio-cultural plurality which is based on socio-political legitimacy. The emergence of marriage taboos is caused by social conflicts as the manifestation of incest marriage, social rivalry, and legitimacy battle. In those conflicts, the communities of Onje, Banjaranyar, and Raden Kaligenteng are the troublemakers. In addition, the communities of Sambeng Kulon, Sambeng Wetan, Jompo Kulon, and Jompo Wetan can also be categorized as the troublemakers since they are involved in the internal conflict which made them separated into parts. Those marriage taboos indicate something that can be understood as the shift of cosmos into chaos. The chaotic situation, however, is more dominant because the shift has not resulted in a new cosmos so that it is always in the liminal or threshold position. The position can be explained clearly in terms of relative binary opposition featuring a third party which takes the liminal position.</em></p> 2023-01-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Proceedings Series on Social Sciences & Humanities Antimicrobial Activity of Excoecaria Agallocha Mangrove Extract in Inhibiting the Growth of Aeromonas Hydrophila by in-Vitro 2023-01-26T00:41:35+00:00 Dini Siswani Mulia Berlian Bun’ya Rista Aman Suyadi Ikhsan Mujahid Cahyono Purbomartono <p><em>One of the bacterial diseases that often attack freshwater fish is the red-sore disease, also known as aeromoniasis or Motile Aeromonas Septicemia (MAS). It is caused by bacteria from Aeromonas genus, such as Aeromonas hydrophila. A safe alternative treatment for pathogenic bacteria is the use of antibacterial compounds made from natural ingredients. The Excoecaria agallocha mangrove extract is one of potential alternatives that is useful as natural antimicrobials due to its various contents of antibacterial bioactive compounds. The objective of this study was to determine the antimicrobial activity of E. agallocha mangrove extract in inhibiting the growth of A. hydrophila. The research method was experimental with complete randomized design and factorial pattern of 3 factors (type of plant organ, bacterial strain, and concentration of extract), in 48 treatments and 3 replications. The solvents used consisted of methanol (polar) and n-hexane (non-polar). The plant organs used included leaves and stems. The bacterial strains consisted of GPl-04, GB-01, GL-01, GL-02, GJ-01, and GK-01 with concentrations of leaves and stems extracts of&nbsp; 0, 10, 20, and 30%. The parameter measured was the diameter of inhibition zone, which was done by&nbsp; using disc paper (Kirby Bauer method). Non-parametric Kruskall-Wallis Test and qualitative-descriptive data analysis were applied. The methanol extract of E. agallocha leaves in GJ-01 strain at 10 and 20% concentrations had antimicrobial activity with inhibition zone in 2.55 mm and 2.46 mm, respectively. The n-hexane extract of E. agallocha stem at 20 and 30% concentrations had antimicrobial activity with inhibition zones of 1.88 mm in GPl-04 strain and 1.58 mm in GB-01 strain, respectively. Extract of E. agallocha mangrove exhibited potential as a natural antibacterial to prevent aeromoniasis in fish.</em></p> 2023-01-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Proceedings Series on Social Sciences & Humanities The Effectiveness of Dietary Fucoidan Compared to the Combination of Fucoidan with Turmeric on the Growth of African Catfish (Clarias Gariepinus) 2023-01-26T01:12:25+00:00 Cahyono Purbomartono Rini Emawati Dini Siswani Mulia Haryanto Haryanto <p><em>To meet the needs of fish consumption for the community, African catfish are cultivated intensively. African catfish cultivation is carried out intensively with high stocking density, but some disadvantages inhibit growth. To support growth, it is done by giving a combination of fucoidan supplements with turmeric. Fucoidan and turmeric are known to increase fish growth, but there are no reports of using a combination of fucoidan and turmeric given in feed to increase fish growth. Therefore, this study wants to determine the effect of fucoidan supplementation with turmeric on the growth of African catfish. The method used was a completely randomized design with treatment B: (400 mg fucoidan + 1350 mg turmeric extract) kg<sup>-1</sup> feed, C: (800 mg fucoidan + 1200 mg turmeric extract) kg<sup>-1</sup> feed, D: (1200 mg fucoidan + 1050 mg of turmeric extract) kg<sup>-1</sup> of feed and control (A), each with 4 replications. The parameters observed were weight and length gain, survival growth rate (SGR), feed conversion rate (FCR), and feed efficiency (FE). Data were analysed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) at the 95% confidence level and continued with Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT). The results showed that the combination of fucoidan supplementation with turmeric significantly increased (p &lt;0.05) weight and length growth, SGR, FCR, and FE. The addition of fucoidan supplements with turmeric can be used to cultivate African catfish with an optimal dose (1200 mg fucoidan + 1050 mg turmeric extract) kg<sup>-1</sup> feed. </em></p> 2023-01-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Proceedings Series on Social Sciences & Humanities Transcendental Communication in Indigenous Peoples, Case Study of Kuncen's Trasendental Communication Function With Banokeling Spirits for Banokeling Indigenous Communities 2023-01-26T01:15:20+00:00 Beny Wijarnako Ana Andriani Asih Ernawati <p><em>Examining the existence of traditional leadership can reveal a cultural bias related to irrational human actions related to super­natural beings, which are goal-oriented to meet the needs of their members. The cult of Eyang Banokeling is so strong in the Banokeling indigenous community, although Eyang Banokeling has long since died but the spirits that reside in the sacred burial placed in the Kedaton area are still strongly felt today, the Kedaton area is also a center of transcendental communication of the successor kuncens who are related to the spirits of Eyang Banokeling in fulfilling all the celebrations of this indigenous community, as well as the existence of Kyai Kuncen as a liaison for the spirits of Eyang Banokeling as well as the presence of The Banokeling Spirits as well as the presence of Kyai Kuncen as a liaison for the spirits of Eyang Banokeling as well as the liaison of the spirits of Eyang Banokeling as well as&nbsp; as indigenous leaders means a lot in this indigenous community. This study will try to examine the meaning of transcendental communication carried out by Kyai Kuncen for the indigenous people of Banokeling. The research was conducted with a qualitative approach using the case study method, which focuses attention on one particular object raised as a case. In the case study method, facts are achieved through the assess­ment of the connectedness of evidence from several data sources at once, namely documents, recordings, observations, open interviews, focused interviews, structured interviews and field surveys, so that the true meaning of Kyai Kuncen's transcendental communication function with the spirit of Eyang Banokeling is revealed for the Banokeling Indigenous Community.</em></p> 2023-01-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Proceedings Series on Social Sciences & Humanities Leadership Journey, Anti “Planga-Plongo” Character Education 2023-01-26T06:41:55+00:00 Wakhudin Wakhudin Eko Haryanto <p><em>The planga-plongo leader is a leader who does not know how to solve problems. The reason is that he did not get enough experience in various levels of leadership. This article aims to describe the leadership journey program that is expected to be able to overcome the planga-plongo attitude. The research using a qualitative approach with ethnographic methods was carried out by students of VI Class Madrasah Ibtida'iyah Muhammadiyah Patikraja, Banyumas, Central Java. The school permitted final grade students out of town on the eve of school graduation. They have the freedom to determine the city to which they were going. The results showed that, using information technology, they made preparations independently, including choosing the mode of transportation, booking tickets, determining local transportation, and various accommodations to be used. This leadership training provides a stimulus for children to be brave, honest, polite, fast and precise in making decisions. Various experiences of making decisions like this cause children to be unflinching when making decisions. It is recommended that building an anti-planga-plongo character is not only carried out during the implementation of the leadership journey, but also previous training with relevant activities.</em></p> 2023-01-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Proceedings Series on Social Sciences & Humanities Local Wisdom of Kampunglaut Community Facing Flood Disaster Rob 2023-01-26T06:44:15+00:00 Ana Andriani Beny Wijarnako Wakhudin Wakhudin Agung Nugroho <p><em>The existence of the community cannot be separated from the natural environment, where they have lived for generations. Through a long process of adaptation to the natural environment, people really understand their ecological environment, so they treat their ecological environment intelligently. The universe is not only a source of exploitation, but as a common house that is continuously protected, cared for and arranged. The natural environment they live in is sometimes considered to be unusual and dangerous, but in reality, these communities do not feel worried because they live modestly with their natural environment. Ecological intelligence forges humans to organize their emotions, thoughts and actions in responding to the universe. Ecological intelligence is expressed in the form of real attitudes and behaviors that take into account ecological capacities, and give birth to a wise human attitude towards nature. Basically, case study research focuses attention on one particular object that is appointed as a case to be studied in depth so that it is able to uncover the reality behind the phenomenon. As is the case in the traditional wisdom of the people of Ujunggagak Village, Kampunglaut District, Cilacap Regency, Central Java which is formed from many activities, components or units that are interrelated and form certain functions. The case study method in this research is very appropriate to be able to uncover the mistigation of tidal flooding in Ujunggagak Village. The focus of case studies is the specification of cases in an event, including individuals, cultural groups or portraits of life, so that they can reveal forms of local wisdom that have the value of tidal flood disaster mitigation and freshwater crises.</em></p> 2023-01-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Proceedings Series on Social Sciences & Humanities Earlier Formation of Noble Characters and National Character Education 2023-01-26T06:48:23+00:00 Tukiran Tukiran <p><em>In this age of globalization, it has been noticed that there is a multifaceted crisis initially brought on by a moral crisis in our country. As a result, it is urgent to find ways to instill morals (akhlak) in students, youth, and university students so that they can become trustworthy citizens of their community and country in the future. The national character education is very much in accordance with noble moral education. Akhlak to Allah means refraining from idolatry and worshiping deities other than Him. Akhlak to Prophet of God includes loving and glorifying, following and obeying, and reciting shalawat and salam on him. Akhlak to parents includes serving both parents well, speaking gently, respecting them, expressing gratitude for their kindness, being devout children, and praying for them.</em></p> 2023-01-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Proceedings Series on Social Sciences & Humanities Finland Education Success 2023-01-26T06:51:05+00:00 Subuh Anggoro Ana Andriani Ine Kusuma Aryani <p><em>The success of Finnish education has been recognized worldwide and has become an interesting study material from planning to implementation. This paper explains how the Finnish education system starts from preliminary to higher education and the outputs and outcomes it produces.</em></p> 2023-01-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Proceedings Series on Social Sciences & Humanities 21st Century Learning Values, Character and Moral Education in An Effort to Overcome Student's Moral Decadence 2023-01-26T06:53:42+00:00 Ine Kusuma Aryani Yuliarti Yuliarti <p><em>Starting from the rampant behavior and attitudes of moral decadence or a decline in moral values among adolescents, 21st century learning requires a theoretical study of values, character and moral education that is more comprehensive, conducive and consistent in overcoming moral decadence. Educational thinkers (including moral and charac¬ter education) such as: (1) Thomas Lickona; (2) Ki Hadjar Dewantara, and (3) Lawrence Kohlberg, define the concept of education as having different emphases, but they essentially also have the same view, namely that education emphasizes the goal of making students intellectually and morally good, national character, noble character, and carried out through a learning process with directed procedures and adequate infrastructure. By conducting qualitative research-case studies in several schools, the results obtained are that there are seve¬ral alternatives to overcome moral decadence behavior, including: a) Supervision; b) provide character education; c) law enforcement as fair as possible; d) improve religious and character education or moral or character education; e) attention from all parties, the government, the education office (in particular), practitioners, schools, especially parents of students.</em></p> 2023-01-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Proceedings Series on Social Sciences & Humanities