Karakterisasi Spektroskopi Raman pada Purifikasi Mixed Hydroxide Precipitate dari Baterai Lithium Bekas


  • Deska Anggrait Sedyatama Universitas Gadjah Mada
  • Indra Perdana Universitas Gadjah Mada
  • Sutijan Sutijan Universitas Gadjah Mada




Leaching, Hydrometallurgy, Purification, Spent Li-Battery


Electrical energy storage batteries are a form of this supporting technology. Lithium batteries are considered the most suitable battery technology for many types of electronic devices today. Waste of used batteries will also increase as LIB production increases. The recycling process is one way to dispose of used batteries because they contain high levels of heavy metals, which pose a significant risk. The most common treatment method for battery recycling is hydrometallurgy. The most important of the various hydrometallurgical steps is the leaching process. The mixed hydroxide precipitate (MHP) will be the product of the precipitation on the NMC metal. Na2SO4 is always an impurity present in MHP products. Therefore, the MHP still needs to be purified to achieve the highest possible purity so that it can be used as a cathode in battery manufacturing. Raman’s spectroscopic was used to analyze the characteristic of MHP purification with variation 30, 50, 70 and 90 oC.


A.L. Sidiq et al. Comprehensive recovery of NCM cathode materials for spent lithium-ion batteries by microfluidic device. Materials Research Bulletin. 20 May 2022. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.materresbull.2022.111901.

Astrayudha, M.; Mada, U. G.; Petrus, H.; Mada, U. G.; Wiratni, W.; Mada, U. G.; Sulistyo, H.; Mada, U. G. LITHIUM RECOVERY OF SPENT LITHIUM-ION BATTERY USING BIOLEACHING FROM LOCAL SOURCES MICROORGANISM.2017,10(January),897-903. https://doi.org/10.7324/RJC.2017.1031767.

Jian, G.; Guo, J.; Wang, X.; Sun, C.; Zhou, Z.; Yu, L.; Kong, F.; Qiu, J. Study on Separation of Cobalt and Lithium Salts from Waste Mobile-Phone Batteries. ProcediaEnviron.Sci.2012,16,495–499. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2012.10.068.

Kose, C., and Topkaya, Y., 2011. Hydrometallurgical processing of nontronite type lateric nickel ores by MHP process. Minerals Engineering, Volume 24, pp.396-415. doi:10.1016/j.mineng.2010.11.010

Li, H.; Xing, S.; Liu, Y.; Li, F.; Guo, H.; Kuang, G. Recovery of Lithium, Iron, and Phosphorus from Spent LiFePO4 Batteries Using Stoichiometric Sulfuric Acid Leaching System. ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng. 2017, 5 (9), 8017–8024. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b01594.

Mubarok, M. & Lieberto, J., 2013. Precipitation of Nickel Hydroxide from Simulated and Atmospheric-Leach Solution of Nickel Laterite Ore. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, Volume 6, pp.457-464. doi: 10.1016/j.proeps.2013.01.060.

Peng, C.; Liu, F.; Aji, A. T.; Wilson, B.P.; Lundström, M. Extraction of Li and Co from Industrially Produced Li-Ion Battery Waste – Using the Reductive Power of Waste Itself. Waste Manage, Volume 95, pp.604-611. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2019.06.048.

Pillot, C. (2019). The Rechargeable Battery Market and Main Trends 2018-2030.

Yang, Y.; Zheng, X.; Cao, H.; Zhao, C.; Lin, X.; Ning, P.; Zhang, Y.; Jin, W.; Sun, Z. A Closed-Loop Process for Selective Metal Recovery from Spent Lithium Iron Phosphate Batteries through Mechanochemical Activation. ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng. 2017, 5 (11), 9972–9980. https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b01914.

Zheng, X.; Gao, W.; Zhang, X.; He, M.; Lin, X.; Cao, H.; Zhang, Y.; Sun, Z. Spent Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling – Reductive Ammonia Leaching of Metals from Cathode Scrap by Sodium Sulphite. Waste Manag. 2017, 60, 680–688. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2016.12.007.

Zhou, E.; Shi, P.; Li, J.; Lu, M. The Recycling Technologies for Spent Lithium Ion Battery. Waste Manag. Technol. 2015, No. December 2010, 358–363.

Y. Zhou et al. ; Comprehensive recovery of NCM cathode materials for spent lithium-ion batteries by microfluidic device. Separation and Purification Technology. 29 April 2022. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2022.121185.




How to Cite

Sedyatama, D. A., Perdana, I., & Sutijan, S. (2023). Karakterisasi Spektroskopi Raman pada Purifikasi Mixed Hydroxide Precipitate dari Baterai Lithium Bekas. Proceedings Series on Physical & Formal Sciences, 6, 48–53. https://doi.org/10.30595/pspfs.v6i.852