Relationship FoMO and Nomophobia with Social Anxiety Symptoms in the Use of Social Media at UMP


  • Noer Islamyah Charini Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto
  • Supriyadi Supriyadi Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto



Social anxiety symptoms, Social media, FoMO, Nomophobia


Background:Along with the increase in social media users, people are also starting to experience what is called social anxiety. This social anxiety is caused by feelilngs of worry or fear of the judgment of others. This causes individuals who experience social anxiety to try to avoid social situations so that they can avoid the negative judgments of other. Anxiety about the judgment of others in one of the main symptoms of social anxiety. In addition, people who frequently use social media tend to like to compare themselves with others. Method: This research is a quantitative study with a cross-sectional approach. The sample used in this study was undergraduate nursing students at Muhammadiyah University in Purwokerto with a total of 99 respondents. There were 3 instruments used in this study, namely the SAS-SMU questionnaire, the FoMO’s questionnaire, and the NMP-Q questionnaire. Results: The results of the analysis of the relationship using the chi-square statistical test found p=0.000(p<0.05),meaning that there is asignificant relationship between FoMO and symptoms of social anxiety in the use of socialmedia. The results of the relationship analysis using the chi-square statistical testfound p=0.001 (p<0.05), meaning that there is a significant relationship between Nomophobia and symptoms of social anxiety in the use of social media. Conclusion:There is a significant relationship between FoMO and symptoms ofsocial anxiety in using social media and there is also a significant relationship between Nomophobia and symptoms of social anxiety in using social media.


“Digital 2022: Another Year Of Bumper Growth,”, Jan. 26, 2022.

D. S. Wibowo and R. Nurwindasari, “Prosiding Seminar Nasional & Call Paper PsikologiSosial 2019 PSIKOLOGI SOSIAL DI ERA REVOLUSI INDUSTRI 4.0: PELUANG & TANTANGAN FakultaspendidikanPsikologi,” pp. 323-327, May 2019.

S. Budury, A. Fitriasari, and Khamida, “Penggunaan Media SosialTerhadapKejadianDepresi, Kecemasan Dan Stres Pada Mahasiswa (Use of Social Media On Events of Depression, Anxiety And Stress Among University Students),” BMJ, vol. 6, pp. 205–208, 2019, doi: 10.36376/bmj.v6i2.

F. Herman, A. M. Sambul, and S. D. E. Paturusi, “Pengukuran Skala KecemasanSosial pada Pengguna Media SosialBerusiaDewasa Awal,”Jurnal Teknik Informatika, vol. 13, no. 1, May 2018. doi:

Y. Alkis, Z. Kadirhan, and M. Sat, “Development and Validation of Social Anxiety Scale for Social Media Users,” in Computers in Human Behavior, Elsevier Ltd, pp. 296–303, Jul. 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2017.03.011.

N. Vriends, M. C. Pfaltz, P. Novianti, and J. Hadiyono, “TaijinKyofusho and Social Anxiety and Their Clinical Relevance in Indonesia and Switzerland,” Front Psychol, vol. 4, no. 3, Feb. 2013, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00003.

J. P. Abel, C. L. Buff, and S. A. Burr, “Social Media and the Fear of Missing Out: Scale Development and Assessment,” Journal of Business &Economiscs Research, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 33-44, 2016.

A. E. Dempsey, K. D. O’Brien, M. F. Tiamiyu, and J. D. Elhai, “Fear of missing out (FoMO) and rumination mediate relations between social anxiety and problematic Facebook use,” Addictive Behaviors Reports, vol. 9, Jun. 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.abrep.2018.100150.

J. D. Elhai, J. C. Levine, A. M. Alghraibeh, A. A. Alafnan, A. A. Aldraiweesh, and B. J. Hall, “Fear of missing out: Testing relationships with negative affectivity, online social engagement, and problematic smartphone use,” Comput Human Behav, vol. 89, pp. 289–298, Dec. 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2018.08.020.

G. Aguilera-Manrique, V. V. Márquez-Hernández, T. Alcaraz-Córdoba, G. Granados-Gámez, V. Gutiérrez-Puertas, and L. Gutiérrez-Puertas, “The relationship between nomophobia and the distraction associated with smartphone use among nursing students in their clinical practicum,” PLoS One, vol. 13, no. 8, Aug. 2018, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0202953.

C. Copaja-Corzo, C. J. Aragón-Ayala, and A. Taype-Rondan, “Nomophobia and Its Associated Factors in Peruvian Medical Students,” Int J Environ Res Public Health, vol. 19, no. 9, May 2022, doi: 10.3390/ijerph19095006.

A. Shensa, J. E. Sidani, M. A. Dew, C. G. Escobar-Viera, and B. A. Primack, “Social media use and depression and anxiety symptoms: A cluster analysis,” Am J Health Behav, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 116–128, Mar. 2018, doi: 10.5993/AJHB.42.2.11.

N. Irmayantiet al., “Kecemasan di Masa Pandemi Covid-19 Ditinjaudari Gender,” JurnalPsikologi, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 146–158, Sep. 2022, doi: 10.35891/jip.v9i2.

D. Ayu Palupi, W. Sarjana, and T. Hadiati, “HubunganKetergantungan Smartphone TerhadapKecemasan Pada MahasiswaFakultasDiponegoro,” JurnalKedokteranDiponegoro, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 140–145, Jan. 2018, [Online]. Available:

A. D. Riyanto, “Hootsuite (We are Social): Indonesian Digital Report 2022,” 2022. (accessed Oct. 10, 2022).

C. W. Purnomo, T. Oktaviyantini, and Y. Hastami, “Hubungan Tingkat KecemasanSosialdenganDurasiPenggunaan Media Sosial pada MahasiswaKedokteran,” Plexus Medical Journal, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 65–69, 2023, doi: 10.20961/plexus.v2i2.467.

R. L. Sativa, “Berapa Lama Waktu Ideal GunakanGadget?,”, Jan. 18, 2017.

Y. M. Jamun and Z. R. E. Ntelok, “DampakPenggunaan Smartphone di KalanganMahasiswa,” EDUKATIF?: JURNAL ILMU PENDIDIKAN, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 3796–3803, May 2022, doi: 10.31004/edukatif.v4i3.2832.

Ramaita, Armaita, and P. Vandelis, “HubunganKetergantungan Smartphone DenganKecemasan (Nomophobia),” Jurnal Kesehatan, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 89–93, Aug. 2019, doi:

W. Dan, C. He, and X. Tang, “Why Do People Browse and Post on WeChat Moments? Relationships among Fear of Missing Out, Strategic Self-Presentation, and Online Social Anxiety,” CyberpsycholBehav Soc Netw, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 708–714, Oct. 2020, doi: 10.1089/cyber.2019.0654.

R. S. Akbar, A. Aulya, A. Apsari, and L. Sofia, “Ketakutan Akan Kehilangan Momen (FOMO) Pada Remaja Kota Samarinda,” JurnalPsikologi, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 38–47, Dec. 2018.

D. Baby, B. Paikkatt, and V. Mukesh, “Nomophobia, Social Interaction Anxiety, and Anhedonia among College Students,” The International Journal of Indian Psychology, vol. 11, no. 2, 2023, doi: 10.25215/1102.030.

S. Dixit et al., “A study to evaluate mobile phone dependence among students of a medical college and associated hospital of central India,” Indian Journal of Community Medicine, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 339–341, Apr. 2010, doi: 10.4103/0970-0218.66878.

A. León-Mejía, E. Calvete, C. Patino-Alonso, J. M. Machimbarrena, and J. González-Cabrera, “Nomophobia Questionnaire (NMP-Q): Factorial structure and cut-off points for the Spanish version Cuestionario de Nomofobia (NMP-Q): Estructura factorial y puntos de corte de la versiónespañola,” Adicciones, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 137-148, Mar. 2021. doi: 10.20882/adicciones.1316.

S. Bhattacharya, M. Bashar, A. Srivastava, and A. Singh, “NOMOPHOBIA: NO MObilePHonePhoBIA,” J Family Med Prim Care, vol. 8, no. 4, p. 1297, 2019, doi: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_71_19.




How to Cite

Charini, N. I., & Supriyadi, S. (2024). Relationship FoMO and Nomophobia with Social Anxiety Symptoms in the Use of Social Media at UMP. Proceedings Series on Health & Medical Sciences, 5, 87–92.